Wednesday 29 November 2023

AWD vs 4WD: These are the Differences, Disadvantages and Advantages of Each


In the automotive world, the terms All-Wheel Drive (AWD) and 4-Wheel Drive (4WD) often cause confusion.

Although both provide benefits in certain conditions for car users, the differences between the two play a key role in determining the appropriate vehicle choice.

The following is an explanation of the advantages and disadvantages of AWD and 4WD, as well as the basic differences between the two according to Spinny.

Suzuki Jimny three-door [Global Suzuki]. Advantages and Disadvantages of All-Wheel Drive (AWD):

Advantages of AWD:

1. The AWD system is fully automatic, freeing the driver from the decision to provide additional power to the wheels certain. This optimizes traction on all four wheels for a comfortable ride.2. AWD offers excellent handling because the torque supply can be varied for each wheel, so it is often used in sports cars.3. AWD cars are capable of handling a variety of surfaces, including wet/snow roads and light off-road conditions.4. Available in a variety of body styles, including crossover, sedan, and SUV.

Disadvantages of AWD:

1. AWD systems are mechanically and electronically complex, increasing car maintenance costs.2. Although capable of tackling a variety of surfaces, AWD is not suitable for intense off-roading because the driver does not have full control.3. Lower fuel economy because all four wheels are always driven.

Advantages and Disadvantages of 4-Wheel Drive (4WD):

Advantages of 4WD:

1. The 4WD system is based on manual control, where the driver decides when to activate 4WD via a button or lever.2. The 4WD system is very robust and allows the car to overcome intense off-road conditions as well as damaged roads.3. Although perceived as stiff, modern 4WD systems offer a comfortable driving experience like most cars.

Disadvantages of 4WD:

1. Compared to 2WD cars, 4WD cars provide a stiffer ride quality, which can affect passenger comfort.2. Higher initial costs and maintenance costs in the long run.3. When activated, the 4WD system can affect fuel efficiency, making it even more wasteful.

Toyota RAV4 exhibited at IIMS 2014, Thursday (18/9) [/Kurniawan Mas’ud]. Difference between All-Wheel Drive and 4-Wheel Drive:

1. Power Control:

– AWD: The system automatically regulates how much power is applied to each wheel based on traction status.- 4WD: The driver decides when to apply power to all four wheels based on driving conditions.

2. Power Variation:

– AWD: Power sent to each wheel can vary based on traction requirements.- 4WD: Equal power sent to all wheels, although some 4WD systems allow power sharing between the front and rear wheels.

3. Off-Road Capability:

– AWD: More suitable for slippery and unpredictable road conditions.- 4WD: Superior at handling difficult off-road conditions and provides manual control to the driver.

4. Fuel Efficiency:

– AWD: More efficient than 4WD because it only provides power to the wheels that are needed under normal conditions.- 4WD: Wastes more fuel when activated because power is still sent to all wheels.

Although the differences between AWD and 4WD are narrowing thanks to technological advances, both still have their respective advantages. The choice between the two depends on the driver’s needs and the conditions of daily vehicle use.

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